Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2023
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
Note 9—Income Taxes
We calculate our quarterly tax provision pursuant to the guidelines in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 740, Income Taxes. ASC 740 requires companies to estimate the annual effective tax rate for current year ordinary income. In calculating the effective tax rate, permanent differences between financial reporting and taxable income are factored into the calculation, and temporary differences are not. The estimated annual effective tax rate represents the Company’s estimate of the tax provision in relation to the best estimate of pre-tax ordinary income or loss. The estimated annual effective tax rate is then applied to year-to-date ordinary income or loss to calculate the year-to-date interim tax provision. The relationship between our income tax provision or benefit and our pre-tax book income or loss can vary significantly from period to period considering, among other factors, the overall level of pre-tax book income or loss and changes in the blend of jurisdictional income or loss that is taxed at different rates and changes in valuation allowances. The income tax benefit of $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, is primarily attributable to our Germany operations. Any income tax benefit associated with the pre-tax loss for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, resulting primarily from the U.S. jurisdiction, is offset by a full valuation allowance.
In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, we consider whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. Based upon the analysis of federal and state deferred tax balances, future tax projections and availability of taxable income in the carryback period, we recorded a full valuation allowance against the federal and state deferred tax assets for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and the year ended December 31, 2022.
The Company is subject to the provisions of ASC Subtopic 740-10, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes. This standard defines the threshold for recognizing the benefits of tax return positions in the financial statements as more-likely-than-not to be sustained by the relevant taxing authority and requires measurement of a tax position meeting the more-likely-than-not criterion, based on the largest benefit that is more than 50% likely to be realized. If upon performance of an assessment pursuant to this subtopic, management determines that uncertainties in tax positions exist that do not meet the minimum threshold for recognition of the related tax benefit, a liability is recorded in the consolidated financial statements. The Company recognizes interest and penalties, if any, related to unrecognized tax benefits as a component of income tax expense. We do not have material unrecognized tax benefits for uncertain tax positions.